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Δήμος Αχαρνών Δήμος Αχαρνών / Municipality of Acharnes
  «… αφίκοντο ες Αχαρνάς χώρον μέγιστον της Αττικής των δήμων καλουμένων» (Θουκυδίδης Βιβλίο Β19)
Ελληνικά | English

The vaulted tomb in Acharnes

In Acharnes is situated the most imposing and well preserved Mycenaean vaulted tomb of Attica. The vaulted tomb of Acharnes was discovered in 1879 from German archaeologists in a side of an artificial hill. The tomb is dated back in the 14th-13th century BC. It is constituted from the dromos, which is the corridor which led to the tomb, the mouth and the chamber. It is underground, built with relatively small stones of irregular shape. The shape of chamber is conical with convex inner sides and reminds of an enormous hive. The vaultΆs diameter is 8,35 m. And its height is 8,74 m. The depth of mouth is 3,35 m. and its width is 1,55 m. The lintel is from bulky oblong stone. Above the lintel in opposition with other vaulted tombs where there is the relieving triangle (a void that is to say triangular part) were used four smaller rough boulders, parallel to each other and with small void interspaces. Dromos has length 27 m. and width 3 m. and its inner sides are built with raw stones. Externally the vault is covered with earth in order a kind of tomb to be formed. It is a tomb of an important person of the area as is certified by the kind of tomb and the numerous jewellery of exceptional artistic quality. The tomb was particularly rich and contained earthen and stone pots, copper weapons, ivory objects, cameos, jewellery from gold, silver, copper, glass and majolica. The patterns of jewellery and pots are known Mycenaean-Minoan designs. From the most important findings is an ivory lyre with embossed sphinxes in its base, which was found broken in the tomb chamber. This lyre, one of the most early of its kind, had possibly seven or eight strings and constitutes a rare find for the knowledge of music in antiquity. Another remarkable find is an ivory cylindrical compass with cap. The compass is decorated with embossed rams in two zones while the cap with four rams in a radial order. The discoveries show the economic robustness of the owners of the grave, the level of culture and their high social place. In the fill of street of grave in front of the entrance, discoveries were found which testify the adoration of heroic dead people until the Classic Era (5th century BC). During the Classic Era abruptly stops the use of the space, probably due to the Peloponnesian war. The discoveries of vaulted grave are found in the National Archaeological Museum. Since 2000 the Municipality of Acharnes, for the appointment of the Vaulted Tomb, organises an educational programme in which participate students from all over Attica. The programme includes dialogic course, projection of slides, movie, tour in the monument and a theatrical action with representation of a typical Mycenaean burial.

 


 

This text was based on the book of Maria Platonos – Giota: Acharnai. Historical and Topographical Survey of Ancient Acharnes, of the neighbouring Municipalities and of ParnithaΆs fortification, Municipality of Acharnes 2004.

 

Το παρόν έργο συγχρηματοδοτήθηκε από το Ευρωπαϊκό Ταμείο Περιφερειακής Ανάπτυξης (ΕΤΠΑ) καρά 80% και από Εθνικούς Πόρους κατά 20%
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